Different Types of Ports



A port is defined as an area on both land and water, whether on the sea or river, that provides facilities for shipping vessels to load and unload their cargo or in other words it can be defined as a harbour or an area that is able to provide shelter to numerous boats and vessels (transferring people or cargo), and can also allow constant or periodic transaction of shipment. In simple words, a port is a place to facilitate loading as well as unloading of vessels. Technically speaking it is a convergence point between freight circulation domains.

Types of Ports

  1. Inland Ports-These type of ports are built on comparatively smaller water bodies such as rivers or lakes. These are used either for cargo purpose or for passengers or for both. Inland Ports are constructed or naturally maintained ports at the coastline of small waterways like lake, river or estuaries and rarely seen at sea coasts too.
  2. Fishing Ports – As the name suggests fishing port is a port or harbour for landing and distributing fish and relies upon the availability of fishes in that region of the ocean. A fishing port can be an inland port or a seaport.
  3. Warm Water Ports- In simple words Warm Water port is a port where water does not freeze in winter. This prevents from shutting down of ports during winter. This will help in boosting the economy as trade will happen throughout the year.
  4. Dry Ports- Dry ports are defined as inland terminals that can be interconnected with a seaport via road or rail transportation facilities, and they usually act as centres of multimodal logistics.
  5. Sea Ports- Seaports are the most common types of ports around the world which are used for commercial shipping activities. These types of ports are built on a sea location and enable the accommodation of both small and large vessels.

Among all these types of ports, seaports are the largest and busiest type of ports. This is due to the reason that seaport serves to both cargoes as well as passengers. So more facilities and equipment are available there which results in the employment of more personnel as a port authority.

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